At times we may need to refer a child to an outside agency for further support such as Communication Services, Physical Disability Services, Resource Teacher of learning & Behaviour (RTLB) and Behaviour Services and Support. This process is never taken lightly and will ALWAYS be discussed with parents or caregivers first. Please note that although a referral may be made, this does not signify that it will be accepted.
Learning disabilities are neurologically-based processing problems. These processing problems can interfere with learning basic skills such as reading, writing and/or math. They can also interfere with higher level skills such as organisation, time planning, abstract reasoning, long or short term memory and attention.
“Learning Disabilities” is an “umbrella” term describing a number of other, more specific learning disabilities, such as dyslexia and dysgraphia.
- dyslexia - A specific learning disability that affects reading and related language-based processing skills. The severity can differ in each individual but can affect reading fluency, decoding, reading comprehension, recall, writing, spelling, and sometimes speech and can exist along with other related disorders. Dyslexia is sometimes referred to as a language-based learning disability www.dyslexiafoundation.org.nz/d_assessment.html
- dyscalcula - gifted.tki.org.nz/For-schools-and-teachers/Twice-exceptional-2E-students/Learning-disorders/Dyscalculia-math-related-disabilities
- dyspraxia - developmental dyspraxia (as we know it in New Zealand) or developmental coordination disorder (DCD), is a common neuro-developmental disorder affecting the process of ideation, motor planning, and execution. dyspraxia.org.nz/
- Auditory Processing Disorder (APD) - Also known as central auditory processing disorder. This is a condition that adversely affects how sound that travels unimpeded through the ear is processed or interpreted by the brain.
- ADD / ADHD - ADHD stands for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. An estimated one in 20 New Zealanders have ADHD, yet it is poorly understood and frequently remains undiagnosed, causing distress in family, work and social situations. Those with ADHD have many benefits and generally have normal intellect, however, they also have a characteristic group of symptoms which, if un-diagnosed, may lead to slower development in achievement and social skills.- www.adhd.org.nz/
- Language processing disorder - A specific type of auditory processing disorder (APD) in which there is difficulty attaching meaning to sound groups that form words, sentences and stories. While an APD affects the interpretation of all sounds coming into the brain, a language processing disorder (LPD) relates only to the processing of language. LPD can affect expressive language and/or receptive language. vocalsaints.co.nz/language-processing-disorder/
- Visual perceptual/ visual motor deficit - A disorder that affects the understanding of information that a person sees, or the ability to draw or copy. A characteristic seen in people with learning disabilities such as dysgraphia or non-verbal LD, it can result in missing subtle differences in shapes or printed letters, losing place frequently, struggles with cutting, holding pencil too tightly, or poor eye/hand coordination. www.understood.org/en/learning-attention-issues/child-learning-disabilities/visual-processing-issues/understanding-visual-processing-issues